The word aqueduct derives from the Latin words, ‘aqua’ meaning water and ‘ducere’ meaning to lead. Now, that we’ve cleared that up, an aqueduct can be defined as an artificially structure such as a channel, tunnel, or ditch, that is used to transport water from a remote location to another. Believe it or not, in ancient times they needed these, but the most famous engineers of aqueducts amongst all ancient civilizations were the Romans. Let’s check out some of their work, shall we?
The “The Bath of the Inca”, Tambomachay is an archaeological site near Cusco, Peru. It actually consists of a series of ancient aqueducts, canals and waterfalls originating from thermal springs nearby that run through the terraced rocks. In Tambomachay bathing seems to have been such a large part of life that it’s now thought it must have been a spa. Inca people going to a spa?
9. Aqueduct Park
Over a period of 500 years, 11 Roman aqueducts were built to bring water to Rome from as far away as 92 kilometers (57 miles). The Aqueduct Park hosts the remains of 7 ancient aqueducts: Marcio, Anio Novus, Tepula, Mariana, Claudio, Iulia and Felice. Of these, the Aqua Claudio stands out due to its 28 meters (92 feet) height.
8. Caesarea Aqueduct
Caesarea was an important port city built by King Herod the Great between 23-13 BC. It brought running water to the city from springs 10 km (6 miles) away, and it was expanded in the 2nd century AD by the Romans and continued to supply water for 1200 years.
7. Nazca Aqueducts
The Nazca Aqueducts were built between the 3rd to 6th century AD by the Nazca people, in order to survive the arid desert climate. Water was channeled to where it was needed using man-made underground channels; still in use today, these tunnels, wells and trenches are known collectively as puquios.
6. Hampi Aqueducts
Hampi was the capital of the 14th century Vijayanagar empire, in present-day India. The remains of ancient aqueducts and canals that were used to bring water from the Tungabhadra river and feed the tanks and baths. One of the main branches of the aqueduct supplied water to the Stepped Tank, a 7 meter (23 feet) deep water reservoir. Incredible!
5. Aqueduct of The Miracles
The Aqueduct of The Miracles is one of three ancient Roman aqueducts built at Mérida, Spain. It originally brought water to the city from an artificial lake, supplied by the river Aberregas around 5 km (3 miles) to the north-west of Mérida.
4. Les Ferreres Aqueduct
Les Ferreres Aqueduct was built to take water from the Francoli, 15 kilometers (9 miles) south to the city of Tarragona, Spain. Datinbg from the time of Augustus, the first ruler of the Roman Empire., this aqueduct has a maximum height of 27 meter and a length of 249 meter; it features 25 upper arches and 11 lower arches.
3. Valens Aqueduct
The Valens Aqueduct was completed in the year 368 AD, during the reign of Roman Emperor Valens. It was one of the terminal points of a system of ancient aqueducts and canals of Constantinople. The Valens Aqueduct was restored by several Ottoman Sultans and remained the major water-providing system of medieval Constantinople. The surviving section is 921 meters (3021 feet) long, about 50 meters less than the original length.
2. Aqueduct of Segovia
The Aqueduct of Segovia is one of the best-preserved monuments left by the Romans in Spain. The ancient aqueduct carries water 16 km (10 miles) from the Frío River to Segovia and was constructed with some 24,000 massive granite blocks, not counting the amount of mortar. The above-ground portion is 728 meters (2,388 feet) long and consists of 165 arches more than 9 meters (30 feet) high.
1. Pont du Gard
The Pont du Gard is an ancient aqueduct in the South of France, constructed by the Roman Empire. The Roman aqueduct was constructed entirely without the use of mortar, and that’s pretty impressive considering some of the stones involved weigh up to 6 tons and were precisely cut to fit perfectly together. From the Middle Ages to the 18th century, the ancient aqueduct was used as a conventional bridge; nowadays, it’s tourists that enjoy it most.